Here are some helpful hints that you may want to know if you are going to be starting up a fresh water fish tank. Patients is the best possible advice I am able to offer you. My dad and I have recently started a fish tank with out realizing how hard it would be to keep the water levels where they need to be. When you first fill up your tank the water levels, Nitrates, Nitrites and Ammonia are going to be right where you want them, but as soon as you add fish, it is going to go threw a process called cycling, which is the balancing of the water levels. When you go to add your first cycling fish you are not going to want to add more then 25% of your maximum capacity for fish, and any fine fined fish because they will not be able to withstand the water level changes. You measure the amount of fish by inches, one inch of fish per gallon of water. For an example we have a ninety gallon tank, and when our tank was cycling we had about twenty two fish in it.
When you are adding fish to your tank you will need to make sure to add “Start Right” to your water to remove the Chlorine and the Chloramines from your tap water. As soon as you add those first few cycling fish your process of balancing the water is going to begin. In the first few days you will notice and increase in you is Ammonia levels. Then as those go to drop, you will see a large increase in your Nitrate levels. Nitrates you will notice are going to rise after the Ammonia starts to drop around three weeks, depending on the size of the tank, some times larger tanks cycle faster. When your Ammonia and Nitrates balance out you will see an enormous increase in the Nitrite level. After about thirty five to fifty days your tank will be done cycling and you will have to do your first water change.
After the water has finished balancing out you are ready to do a water change. When you do a water change you want to take 25% of the water currently existing in the tank and remove it, while vacuuming it to remove harmful Ammonia causing products from the bottom such as deteriorating food and fesses.
Me adding start right to the water
You will also want to change the filters in your filtering system. When you add the water back to the tank be sure to add start right to remove the harmful chemicals. You can also add aquarium salt to your tank to help the fish’s natural slime coat and kill off some harmful bacteria that may kill your fish.
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